* Quelqu'un peut m'aider à résumer l'implication de cet ordre exécutif? Dans les commentaires. Est-ce que ça veut dire qu'Obama, par cet ordre exécutif, peut déclarer la guerre à la Russie/Iran/Syrie sans l'approbation du Congrès? Est-ce ce qu'il manquait "légalement" pour déclarer la guerre à la Russie, laquelle est réputée fournir des armes à la Syrie et à l'Iran?
The White House
Office of the Press Secretary
For Immediate Release
June 25, 2012
Letter--Russian Highly Enriched Uranium
TEXT OF A LETTER FROM THE PRESIDENT TO THE SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES AND THE PRESIDENT OF THE SENATE
Dear Mr. Speaker: (Dear Mr. President:)
Pursuant to section 204(b) of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA), 50 U.S.C. 1703(b), I hereby report that I have exercised my authority to declare a national emergency to deal with the threat posed to the United States by the risk of nuclear proliferation created by the accumulation in the Russian Federation of a large volume of weapons-usable fissile material.
In Executive Order 13159 of June 21, 2000, the President found that this same risk constituted an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States and declared a national emergency to deal with that threat. The United States and the Russian Federation had entered into a series of agreements that provide for the conversion of highly enriched uranium (HEU) extracted from Russian nuclear weapons into low enriched uranium (LEU) for use in commercial nuclear reactors. There were concerns that payments due to the Russian Federation under these agreements may be subject to attachment, garnishment, or other judicial process, in the United States, which could put implementation of such agreements at risk. In Executive Order 13159, the President therefore ordered blocked all property and interests in property of the Government of the Russian Federation directly related to the implementation of the HEU Agreements so that it would be protected from the threat of attachment, garnishment, or other judicial process.
In the Executive Order I have issued today, I find that the risk of nuclear proliferation created by the accumulation in the Russian Federation of a large volume of weapons-usable fissile material continues to constitute an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States. I therefore declared a national emergency to address this threat and to continue the blocking of all property and interests in property of the Government of the Russian Federation directly related to the implementation of the HEU Agreements.
A major national security goal of the United States is to ensure that fissile material removed from Russian nuclear weapons pursuant to various arms control and disarmament agreements is dedicated to peaceful uses, subject to transparency measures, and protected from diversion to activities of proliferation concern. The United States and the Russian Federation entered into an international agreement in February 1993 to deal with these issues as they relate to the disposition of HEU extracted from Russian nuclear weapons (the "HEU Agreement"). The HEU Agreement provides for 500 metric tons of HEU to be converted to LEU over a 20-year period. This is the equivalent of 20,000 nuclear warheads.
Additional agreements were put in place to effectuate the HEU Agreement, including agreements and contracts on transparency, on the appointment of executive agents to assist in implementing the agreements, and on the disposition of LEU delivered to the United States (collectively, the "HEU Agreements"). Under the HEU Agreements, the Russian Federation extracts HEU metal from nuclear weapons. That HEU is oxidized and blended down to LEU in the Russian Federation. The resulting LEU is shipped to the United States for fabrication into fuel for commercial reactors.
The HEU Agreements provide for the Russian Federation to receive money and uranium hexafluoride in payment for each shipment of LEU converted from the Russian nuclear weapons. The money and uranium hexafluoride are transferred to the Russian Federation executive agent in the United States.
The executive branch and the Congress have previously recognized and continue to recognize the threat posed to the United States national security from the risk of nuclear proliferation created by the accumulation of weapons-usable fissile material in the Russian Federation. This threat is the basis for significant programs aimed at Cooperative Threat Reduction and at controlling excess fissile material. The HEU Agreements are essential tools to accomplish these overall national security goals. The Congress has repeatedly demonstrated support for these agreements.
Payments made to the Russian Federation pursuant to the HEU Agreements are integral to the operation of this key national security program. Uncertainty surrounding litigation and the possible attachment, garnishment, or other judicial process that could impede these payments could lead to a long term suspension of the HEU Agreements, which creates the risk of nuclear proliferation. This is an unacceptable threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States.
Accordingly, I have concluded that all property and interests in property of the Government of the Russian Federation directly related to the implementation of the HEU Agreements should remain protected from the threat of attachment, garnishment, or other judicial process. I have, therefore, exercised my authority and issued an Executive Order that provides:
except to the extent provided in regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that may be issued pursuant to the order, or that were issued pursuant to Executive Order 13159 of June 21, 2000, all property and interests in property of the Government of the Russian Federation directly related to the implementation of the HEU Agreements that are in the United States, that hereafter come within the United States, or hereafter come within the possession or control of any United States persons, including any foreign branch, are blocked and may not be transferred, paid, exported, withdrawn, or otherwise dealt in;
unless licensed or authorized pursuant to the order, any attachment, judgment, decree, lien, execution, garnishment, or other judicial process is null and void with respect to any property or interest in property blocked pursuant to the order; and
that all heads of departments and agencies of the United States Government shall continue to take all appropriate measures within their authority to further the full implementation of the HEU Agreements.
The effect of this Executive Order is limited to property that is directly related to the implementation of the HEU Agreements. Such property will be clearly defined by the regulations, orders, directives, or licenses that will be issued pursuant to this Executive Order. I have delegated to the Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, the authority to take such actions, including the promulgation of rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to carry out the purposes of the order. All agencies of the United States Government are directed to take all appropriate measures within their authority to carry out the provisions of the order.
I am enclosing a copy of the Executive Order I have issued.
Heu.... faut avoir peur là ou bien j'attends encore un peu?RépondreSupprimer
Non il ne s'agit pas d'une declaration de guerre des USA a la Russie (du moins pas directement) mais Obama denonce ici un accord international signe en 1993 par les Etats Unis et la Russie concernant des "dechets nucleaires" d'armes qui doivent etre recyclees et dont une partie (?) doit etre envoyee aux USA, en echange les USA envoient d'autres choses a la Russie (desolee je n'y connais pas grand chose dans ce domaine).
Et Obama demande ici a ce que tous les interets, biens et avoirs Russes sur le sol americain, lies directement a cette entente soient bloques.
Apparemment Obama n'aime pas du tout le fait que Poutine "arme" la Syrie et dans cette lettre il sous entend que la Russie "recycle" ces composes nucleaires vers la Syrie et non plus vers les USA comme l'entente signee en 1993 le precisait.
Ca fait surtout rentrer la Russie (du fait de ses alliances avec l'Iran et la Syrie) dans "l'axe du mal" car fournisseur potentiel d'armes de destructions massives. L'été va être chaud !RépondreSupprimer
Ca sent la radioactivite....saviez vous que 10% de electricite americaine provient des russes grace a leur vielle tete nucleaire quils revendent aux centrale atomique americaine...ca sent le manque delectricite bientot marcoRépondreSupprimer
cette entente devais se terminer dailleur fin 2012.je sais car je lie beaucpup sur le nucleaireRépondreSupprimer
obaba ne fait que se ramasser du capital politique lorsque les couts de electricite vont explose en 2013 il vas mettre ca sur le dos des mechants russes.... brillant ce obaba marco
Il me semble qu'il veut mettre en place l'état d'urgence.RépondreSupprimer